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Cuts and Bleeding Wounds

What to look out for:
Bleedings wounds

What to do

1. Apply direct pressure with your hand, making sure there are no embedded objects in the wound.

2. Apply a sterile dressing or clean pad to the wound.

3. If possible, raise and support the injured limb.

4. Leaving the original dressing in place, bandage it securely.

5. Treat the casualty for shock.

The Recovery Position

The recovery position is performed to keep the casualty stable until further help arrives.

It can be used in various situations, such as if a person faints, collapses, has a heart attack etc.

What to do if a baby is Choking

1. Assess your baby's condition. If the child can cough with enough force to dislodge the blockage, encourage the infant to try to cough out the object.

2. If the blockage persists, you will have to administer back blows and chest thrusts.

3. Gently turn the infant on to its stomach, keeping the head lower than the stomach.

4. Apply five short, quick back blows with the heel of your hand to just below and between the shoulder blades.

5. Now, roll the baby face up and give five chest thrusts using two fingers to press down firmly.

What to do in the event of Heatstroke

Signs may include:

Rapid heartbeat
Rapid and shallow breathing
Increased or lowered blood pressure
Cessation of sweating
Irritability, confusion or unconsciousness
Fainting, which can be the first sign in older adults

If you suspect heatstroke:

1. Move the person out of the sun and into a shady or air-conditioned space.

2. Dial 999 or call for emergency medical assistance.

3. Cool the person by covering him or her with damp sheets or by spraying with cool water. Direct air onto the person with a fan or newspaper.